Broker Check

Articles: Socially Responsible Investing

Socially Responsible Investors Review Policies to Fight Racism

Advocates of socially responsible investing are re-committing to fight racism, in part by pressuring the companies they invest in.

“Systemic racism, including racial inequities throughout the criminal justice system, has deep roots in our society and perpetuates economic inequalities, hampering the development and prosperity of black communities,” said John Streur, president of Calvert Investments, one of the largest mutual fund companies practicing Sustainable, Responsible and Impact (SRI) investing.

“We believe that existing efforts to promote diversity, while welcome and helpful, have been insufficient and more will be demanded of society's institutions, including governments, companies and investors. Because of the growing visibility of ongoing injustices suffered by the black community, we do not believe that a return to the status quo is possible or desirable,” Streur said. [i]

 The pandemic has exacerbated environmental and racial injustice in the United States, said a statement issued by Ceres, a non-profit coalition representing the investment, business and government sectors.

“We have long seen that the impacts of the climate crisis, water pollution and scarcity, and other environmental harms fall disproportionately on the poor, marginalized, and communities of color,” Ceres said.[ii]

“The compounding Covid-19 pandemic has shined a similar light on the deep and long standing fissures of racial inequality that are so searingly evident today and must be urgently addressed,” it said.

Mutual fund companies that engage in SRI or “green” investing said they were reviewing their own practices to help eliminate racism.

“We must stand with our black brothers and sisters and say loudly and clearly that we are one people, one nation, and we will work together to eradicate discrimination, violence and oppression,” said a statement from Pax, another SRI firm. [iii]

Pax will address racism in the construction of its portfolios, examining how companies address diversity, inclusion and equality. And it committed to engage with companies to address inequality, through pay equity, environmental justice and by eliminating enablers of unconscious bias.

[i] https://www.calvert.com/impact.php?post=calvert-commits-to-further-actions-to-address-racial-inequality-&sku=35935

[ii] https://www.ceres.org/news-center/press-releases/we-stand-solidarity-black-community

[iii] https://impaxam.com/news-and-views/blog/a-call-to-action-for-the-investment-community/

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Sustainable Investors Pressing Corporations for Justice during Pandemic

Advocates of sustainable investing are pushing companies to protect the health and safety of both their employees and customers, specifically to address short-term demands on the food supply chain by:

  • Strengthening the accessibility and affordability of food products;
  • Ensuring worker, customer, visitor and vendor safety during the crisis;
  • Ensuring the quality of food donations and incorporating healthy guidelines into the company’s donation policies.[i]

 

Financial services companies focused on Sustainable, Responsible and Impact (SRI) investing are screening their funds for companies that protect employees and the general public in the pandemic.

 

“If you want your asset managers to be engaging with companies about their response to the pandemic and about how they are addressing racial injustice, invest in a sustainable equity fund,” said Jon Hale of Morningstar, an analytical service.[ii]

 

The pandemic and racial justice issues are testing the resiliency of the American experiment, SRI investors said.

 

“The conjunction of COVID-19, with its disproportionate impact on communities of color, and the infliction of racist violence against those same communities, has brought us to a moment where we need to return to our founding principles: liberty and justice for all,” said Joe Keefe, president of Pax investments, an SRI company. “This includes protesting injustice and repairing our torn social fabric and body politic.” [iii]

 

“In the private sector, we need a revolution that brings more minorities and women into decision-making positions, and we need companies that put the common good and the long term above short-term gain,” Keefe said.

 

The Interfaith Center for Corporate Responsibility (ICCR), a coalition of investment professionals, government officials and faith communities, is pressing for changes in the food processing industry, especially meat packers.

 

“We are concerned for the welfare of all essential workers on the frontline of the COVID-19 crisis in Colorado. In particular, given historic health and safety lapses, we are closely monitoring the meat processing facilities statewide,” said Colorado State Treasurer Dave Young in a statement released by the ICCR. “It would be a grave error to not use this moment to push for systemic reform.” [iv]

 

"Workers in meat processing facilities often represent already at-risk communities so the Coronavirus only serves to heighten their vulnerability,” said Magaly Licolli of Venceremos (We Will Win), an organization in Arkansas focused on protecting human rights for poultry workers. 

 

"Immigrants, women and people of color are assuming great risks to their safety and the safety of their families at home because they don’t have paid sick leave and are afraid of wage loss, or because they fear reprisals from managers should they speak out about workplace health and safety lapses,” Licolli said in the ICCR release. [v]

 


[i] [i] https://www.iccr.org/investors-call-increased-protections-meat-processing-workers-due-covid-19

[ii] https://www.morningstar.com/articles/987815/sustainability-matters-a-take-action-moment

[iii] https://impaxam.com/news-and-views/blog/a-note-from-joe-keefe/

[iv] https://www.iccr.org/investors-call-increased-protections-meat-processing-workers-due-covid-19

[v] https://www.iccr.org/investors-call-increased-protections-meat-processing-workers-due-covid-19

PANDEMIC HIGHLIGHTS RESILIENCE OF SUSTAINABLE INVESTING

PANDEMIC HIGHLIGHTS RESILIENCE OF SUSTAINABLE INVESTING

Companies with sustainable practices are faring better than average during the pandemic, which analysts say is part of a longer range trend that is attracting more investors to Sustainable, Responsible and Impact (SRI) investing.

Since the beginning of the year, 94 percent of SRI funds have performed better than the market indices to which they are compared, according to Blackrock, the world’s largest asset manager. [i]

Blackrock and other financial companies, including Morningstar, MSCI, Calvert and Parnassus, said the economic downturn since February was a major test of their belief that companies that follow sustainable principles are more resilient than their peers.

In a white paper, BlackRock said that companies “with strong profiles on material sustainability issues have potential to outperform those with poor profiles. In particular, we believe companies managed with a focus on sustainability should be better positioned versus their less sustainable peers to weather adverse conditions while still benefiting from positive market environments.” [ii]

Research by BlackRock has established a correlation between sustainability and traditional factors such as quality and low volatility, which themselves indicate resilience, the company said. Many SRI mutual funds were performing better than their peers before the pandemic, which many observers attributed to a poor showing by fossil fuel companies.

The lagging oil, natural gas and coal companies are not the only cause, said Blackrock.

“We believe that the outperformance has instead been driven by a range of material sustainability characteristics, including job satisfaction of employees, the strength of customer relations, or the effectiveness of the company’s board. Overall, this period of market turbulence and economic uncertainty has further reinforced our conviction that ESG characteristics indicate resilience during market downturns,” BlackRock said, using the abbreviation for Environmental Societal and Governance as a synonym for SRI. [iii]

The same conclusion was reached in a detailed quantitative analysis by MSCI, which maintains ESG indices for markets around the globe. MSCI found that the outperformance by ESG stocks during the pandemic was consistent with “what we observed over the past five years.” [iv]

The resilience of sustainable companies stems from the systems approach they take toward their environment, not only the natural world, but also their employees, the communities they serve and their other stakeholders, said Todd Ahlsten, chief investment officer of Parnassus, one of the largest SRI mutual fund companies. [v]

"In times of crisis, companies and governments have an opportunity to take major steps forward in the eyes of their key stakeholders and establish or deepen a relationship built on trust," wrote John Streuer, head of Calvert Investments, the most diversified of the SRI mutual fund companies.

“Those that perform well right now, serving their customers, employees and communities, will benefit in the long term, winning customer support and loyalty. Those that perform poorly, on the other hand, are likely to find that customers have long memories of crisis-era actions," Streuer wrote. [vi]

The head of sustainable analysis at Morningstar, Jon Hale, said that “sustainable funds are proving themselves to be resilient in a down market, something many of them hadn’t had the opportunity to demonstrate prior to the pandemic.”

The “pandemic is generating wider appreciation for the importance of the ‘social’ dimension of ESG analysis,” Hale wrote.

In the bigger picture, he said, “the pandemic seems likely to hasten the movement toward stakeholder capitalism… a shift away from a narrow focus on short-term profit maximization, toward long-term value creation that benefits all stakeholders. [vii]

Blackrock also sees the most recent trend as part of a larger pattern. “We believe that we are still in the early stages of a persistent and long-lasting shift toward sustainability – the full effects of which are not yet included in market prices, given the long transition. This is a transformation that we expect to see through the current pandemic, recovery, and long after.”


[i] https://www.blackrock.com/us/individual/about-us/sustainability-resilience-research

[ii] https://www.blackrock.com/us/individual/about-us/sustainability-resilience-research

[iii] https://www.blackrock.com/us/individual/about-us/sustainability-resilience-research

[iv] https://www.msci.com/www/blog-posts/msci-esg-indexes-during-the/01781235361

 [v] https://www.parnassus.com/insights/article/cio_perspectives_navigating_turbulent_markets

 [vi] https://www.morningstar.com/articles/986454/what-the-pandemic-means-for-sustainable-investing

[vii] https://www.morningstar.com/articles/986454/what-the-pandemic-means-for-sustainable-investing

 

Market storms are a good time to re-evaluate financial strategies

The uncertainty surrounding the Corona virus pandemic and resulting upheaval in the financial markets signal a good time for investors to reevaluate their long-term goals and strategies, behavioral scientists say.

Our usual patterns of thinking can become disrupted under great stress, according to the behavioral finance team at Morningstar, an investment research firm based in Chicago.

“Our minds take shortcuts when we make decisions (When we aren’t sure where to order takeout from, for example, we look to online ratings to help us decide),” said members of the Morningstar behavioral sciences team, including Sarah Newcomb, Ryan Murphy, Steven Wendel and Samantha Lamas. [i]

 “Usually, these shortcuts are for the better. They help us react quickly, and they help us manage the thousands of decisions we make every day. There are times, however, that mental shortcuts lead us astray—that’s when they become biases,” they said. .

 "The complexity of our finances means that many of the shortcuts we use in everyday life can take us down the wrong path when we think about money—even more so when we’re stressed, distracted, unsure, and anxious, as many of us are today,” they said in a report. [ii]

 Many investors have learned not to panic when the market drops, to stick with their investments. At the same time, the behavioral investing tea, at Morningstar team said, such crises are a good opportunity to reevaluate long-term financial goals and strategies. They suggest consulting with a financial adviser, and also running through a behavioral checklist:

 Get to know your biases: We all make poor decisions sometimes and it’s useful to understand the large role our biases have in everyday decisions about our lives and finances;

  • Turn down the noise: Reading or hearing about frequent price changes can put any investor on edge. To turn the volume down on that noise, set a schedule for how often you check your portfolio;
  • Create speed bumps for decisions: To help avoid a hasty decision, try setting up decision-making speed bumps, such as creating a three-day wait rule;
  • Reconnect with your goals: Reacquaint yourself with what your goals are, why you set them in the first place, and how your current financial strategy can help you reach them;
  • Be your own devil’s advocate: challenge the decisions that you are contemplating;
  • Thoughtfulness matters: it’s extremely hard to stay calm and wait out the storm when your portfolio’s losing value. Don’t suppress this urge. Redirect your efforts. Take time to rebalance your portfolio, take advantage of buying opportunities, capitalize on lower interest rates.


[i] https://www.morningstar.com/articles/984855/how-to-handle-emotional-money-discussions

[ii] https://www.morningstar.com/articles/970515/the-markets-crazy-get-excited

 

Businesses Honoring Workers and Communities Faring Better in COVID Crisis

Businesses that are accommodating their employees, customers and communities during the COVID-19 pandemic are experiencing better performance in the stock market than their peers, says a non-profit group that tracks corporate responsibility.

“Looking at the market performance of these outstanding companies, we find that they outperformed the market in the first quarter of 2020, while the companies that put less emphasis on their workers and customers respectively underperformed,” according to a report issued by Just Capital. [i]

The report cited retailers that gave employees extra paid sick leave, personal protective equipment and financial support. The same companies provided special opening hours for vulnerable populations, deferred payment for goods and services and gave discounts to needy customers. It also examined the performance of utilities that waived billing charges and did not terminate service for customers experiencing economic hardship.

Those corporate actions were among those called for by a coalition of 309 religious, labor, financial and government leaders responsible for managing investments worth $8.4 trillion in a Sustainable, Responsible and Impactful (SRI) way.[ii]

“We recognize the long-term viability of the companies in which we invest is inextricably tied to the welfare of their stakeholders, including their employees, suppliers, customers and the communities in which they operate,” said the signatories in a letter released by the Interfaith Center on Corporate Responsibility (ICCR), based in New York.

“It is particularly critical that workers, already suffering hardship as a result of the pandemic, are not abandoned by corporations during this time of extreme need,” said Josh Zinner, CEO of the ICCR, which spearheaded the letter along with Domini Impact Investments and New York City Comptroller Scott Stringer.

"As shareholders, we expect companies to protect the health, safety, and economic stability of their workers. The long-term success of companies depends on the long-term success of employees, and this call to action is not just the right thing to do, but the smart thing to do,” said Stringer.

Other signatories included the treasurers or comptrollers of Oregon, Delaware, Illinois, Maryland, Connecticut, Vermont, Rhode Island and the Oneida Nation, as well as the AFL-CIO, the American Federation of Teachers, SEIU, the International Brotherhood of Teamsters, and Communication Workers of America. From the faith community, the backers included the Unitarian Universalist Association, the American Friends Service Committee, the Episcopal Church, the Evangelical Lutheran Church, Methodist Women, and many Roman Catholic orders. It also included many SRI financial service companies, and representatives from Canada, the United Kingdom, Italy and Spain.

                            

“Millions of working people will face impossible hardships as COVID-19 shuts down schools, workplaces, hourly employment, transportation and more. We also know that vulnerable communities are the most at risk as they have limited access to social safety nets and financial resources to weather this uncertain period,” their letter said.

COVID victims fall disproportionately among communities of color and other disadvantaged groups, the national Center for Disease Control has reported. [iii]

“Furthermore, the prospect of widespread unemployment will exacerbate the crisis and pose grave risks to basic social stability and the financial markets. Finally, in the face of this global humanitarian crisis we all benefit by coming together,” the letter said.

The steps the coalition urged aligned with those monitored by Just Capital: 1) paid leave; 2) priority to the health and safety of employees and customers; 3) maintaining employment for workers; 4) maintaining customer and client relationships; and, 5) financial prudence.


[i] https://justcapital.com/news/just-chart-of-the-week-companies-prioritizing-workers-and-customers-in-coronavirus-crisis-are-outperforming-peers/

[ii] https://www.iccr.org/investors-call-companies-do-their-part-support-workers-and-markets-during-coronavirus-crisis

[iii] https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6918e1.htm

Sweeping changes forecast from pandemic

The Coronavirus Pandemic is changing the way we look at the world and is likely to have long-term effects on the global economy.

The world will look different when we get to and through the great recovery, and I really believe it will be a better place than we are in now,” said Rob Lovelace, vice chairman of the Capital Group Companies.[i]

“We will have a recession. The only question now is how deep and for how long?,” said Lovelace, whose firm manages the American Funds, the second largest U.S. mutual fund company. “I think volatility in the markets will be elevated for a while, and that could impact markets through 2020 and into 2021. The pace of the recovery will be different depending on the local response to the crisis.”

Groups supporting Sustainable, Responsible and Impact (SRI) investing were monitoring how U.S. corporations were treating their workers communities and approaching the social justice impacts of the pandemic.

Analysts outside the SRI community also were drilling into changes already underway, gauging which might enhance and which might damage society.

“The coronavirus is not only a health crisis of immense proportion—it’s also an imminent restructuring of the global economic order,” the consulting group McKinsey said in a report based on information from corporate executives around the globe. [ii]

“It is increasingly clear our era will be defined by a fundamental schism: the period before COVID-19 and the new normal that will emerge in the post-viral era: the ‘next normal.’ In this unprecedented new reality, we will witness a dramatic restructuring of the economic and social order in which business and society have traditionally operated. And in the near future, we will see the beginning of discussion and debate about what the next normal could entail and how sharply its contours will diverge from those that previously shaped our lives,” the McKinsey report said.

The McKinsey analysis identified five stages of recovery: Resolve, Resilience, Return, Reimagination, and Reform. And it said that the “duration of each stage will vary based on geographic and industry context, and institutions may find themselves operating in more than one stage simultaneously.”

Martin Whittaker, the founding CEO of the advocacy group Just Capital, said that the coronavirus had “reset the economy. It has accelerated the need for a new, better operating system that gives more Americans the incentives and, in many cases, the opportunities they need to create broad-based prosperity.” [iii]

Just Capital, which advocates what it calls “stakeholder capitalism,” has been collecting information on how the largest American corporations have responded to the crisis. The categories include: Adjusted Hours of Operation; Back-Up Dependent Care; Corporate Leadership, including board and executive pay cuts; Community Relief; Customer Accommodations; Financial Assistance to employees; Furloughs or Unpaid Leave; and health and safety, among others.

Analyzing many of the same factors, McKinsey forecast that: “(t)he aftermath of the pandemic will also provide an opportunity to learn from a plethora of social innovations and experiments, ranging from working from home to large-scale surveillance.”

“With this will come an understanding of which innovations, if adopted permanently, might provide substantial uplift to economic and social welfare—and which would ultimately inhibit the broader betterment of society, even if helpful in halting or limiting the spread of the virus,” it said.


[i] A video and text of Lovelace’s remarks can be found at: https://www.capitalgroup.com/advisor/market-volatility.html#volatility-outlook

[ii] McKinsey: Beyond coronavirus: The path to the next normal; https://www.mckinsey.com/industries/healthcare-systems-and-services/our-insights/beyond-coronavirus-the-path-to-the-next-normal

[iii] See the Just Capital website: https://justcapital.com/news/is-covid-19-killing-shareholder-primacy/

 

Good Companies Increasingly Adhere to Sustainable Principles  

Successful companies are better able to manage Environmental, Societal and Governance (ESG) risks, an indicator of their sustainability, a new report says.

“Companies today face unprecedented risks as stakeholders demand accountability and transparency in how corporations approach the environment; attend to the well-being of their workers, customers and neighbors; and govern themselves in an ethical way,” said the report from the analytical agency Morningstar. [i]

The paper provides case studies of companies that either benefitted from their adherence to ESG principles, or suffered when they ignored them. Sustainable, Responsible and Impact (SRI) investing also is known as ESG.

“A company that ignores these risks or commits a misstep could incur significant economic costs that jeopardize its ability to earn long-term, sustainable profits,” the report said.

ESG risk can foretell changes in a company’s competitive advantage.That advantage is described by investor Warren Buffett as an economic moat.

“Economic moats and ESG risk tend to work together,” the Morningstar report said. Those companies with wide economic moats tend to be better at managing ESG risks, because they have greater human, political or financial capital than their competitors.”

The report noted the increasing focus of investors on environmental risks, especially those associated with climate change.

The paper examines in detail how two energy companies approached two related environmental issues, reduction of carbon emissions and production of renewable energy.

It also examines the approach of a pharmaceutical company to producing affordable drugs for an aging population. And it looks at a security breach at a company that collects, analyzes and markets the financial data of clients.

The paper also reviews governance issues that led a major U.S. conglomerate to consistently make decisions based on short-term profits rather than long-term results that would have benefitted shareholders and broader society. The company eventually lost value, and many of its components were sold off.


[i] https://www.morningstar.com/features/esg-risk

 

Green Funds More Than Holding Their Own in Downturn

Sustainable mutual funds weathered the initial phase of the current market downturn better on average than other categories, according to the independent rating service Morningstar. [i] Like the rest of the market, of course, they have recorded losses.

 

The number of funds specializing in Sustainable, Responsible and Impact investments has greatly expanded over the past few years, “with many prominent asset managers and public companies beginning the year by making significant commitments to sustainability,” Morningstar analyst Jon Hale said in a report. [ii]

 

One reason that investors are moving into sustainable funds is that many of them perform as well or better than the broader market. The green funds select their investments according to Environmental, Societal and Governance (ESG) criteria.

“While ESG equity funds have taken big hits this month, their losses have been less severe than those of conventional peers,” wrote Morningstar analyst Jon Hale.

“With global markets now in bear-market territory for the first time in more than a decade, here is an update through March 12, 2020. The takeaway: Sustainable equity funds continue to outperform on a relative basis,” Hale wrote.

Morningstar compared the trailing one-month and year-to-date returns of all 203 sustainable equity open-end and exchange-traded funds available in the United States with those of their respective peer groups, the report said.

The data covered began a week before the downturn started on Feb. 20.

Morningstar reported that for the period Feb. 13 to March 12, 66 percent of Sustainable, Responsible and Impact (SRI) Funds placed in the top half of their categories. And 39 percent landing in the top quartile, meaning they performed better than 61 percent of their competitors.

Many SRI funds exclude fossil fuel stocks, which have been hard hit since the beginning of the year.

[i] https://www.morningstar.com/articles/972475/sustainable-equity-funds-are-outperforming-in-bear-market;

[ii] https://www.morningstar.com/articles/972860/the-esg-fund-universe-is-rapidly-expanding

 

Sustainable Investing Continues to Deliver Good Returns

Sustainable and fossil-fuel free investing can give investors consistently higher rates of returns than the broad market, according to two studies released this year.

 

“America’s corporations are getting more sustainable, and investors are benefiting, along with the planet and the rest of its inhabitants,” Barron’s reported on Feb. 7 in its third annual Green Growth Report. The analysis was done in conjunction with Calvert Research & Management, which is affiliated with one of the largest mutual fund companies specializing in Sustainable, Responsible and Impact (SRI) investing. [i]

 

“Shares of the 100 companies on our list returned 34.3 percent on average, in 2019, beating the S&P 500 Index’s 31.5 percent,” Barron’s reported. “More than half the honorees, 55, outperformed the mighty index, which has been nearly unbeatable for a decades.”

 

Two non-profit advocacy groups cited a similar trend in a separate report called the “Carbon Clean 200: Investing in a Clean Energy Future,” focusing on “publicly traded companies that are leading the way with solutions for the transition to a clean energy future” around the globe.

 

“Since its inception in July 2016, the Clean200™ has outperformed the S&P Global 1200 Energy Index with a return of 1.29 percent compared to -2.49 percent,” said the report, issued by the California-based As Your Sow advocacy group and a Canadian counterpart, Corporate Knights.

 

Neither the list cited by Barron’s nor the Clean200 ™ are available as specific mutual or exchange traded funds. However, many “green” financial services firms use similar screening methods in building investments based on SRI principles, also known as Environmental Governmental and Societal (ESG) criteria. [ii]

 

The authors of the Clean 200 ™ report said the performance of those companies “is lagging behind the broad-market benchmark for the S&P 1200 which had a return of 19.67 percent, mostly due to the impact of the simmering trade war between China and the U.S. If Chinese stocks are excluded from the Clean200, its return since implementation jumps to 20.4 percent, moving it ahead of the broad-market benchmark. The Clean200 therefore continues to provide evidence that market forces are driving growth for low-carbon companies across all sectors of the economy.” [iii]

 

The 100 companies cited in the Barron’s report were analyzed not only for their low carbon footprint, but also for general environmental impact, hiring and labor practices.

 

“With companies in general adopting more ambitious goals for the environmental and workplace practices, returns will keep outperforming,” Barron’s predicted. “If sustainability once seemed like a hobby for a group of eccentric business, it’s now viewed by many corporations as mission critical.”

 

One factor boosting the performance of the 100 companies on its list, Barron’s said, is that “they are better at personnel retention. Employee turnover is 25 percent to 50 percent lower at these operations, studies show …. In addition, good environmental policies, whether on water, facilities, fuel or waste – can lower costs.”

 

“Good sustainability practices are also a magnet for customers, who increasingly want to show that their partners treat the environment, workers and other stakeholders well.”

Barron’s predicted that “at this rate of adoption, it won’t be long – years not decades – before virtually every company in America will seek sustainable advantages.” [iv]


[i] https://www.barrons.com/articles/the-100-most-sustainable-companies-51581095228

[ii] Representatives of As You Sow and Corporate Knights spoke in a Webinar, featuring a PowerPoint presentation available on the As You Sow Website: https://www.asyousow.org/report-page/2020-clean200-webinar?rq=Clean%20200%20Webinar.

[iii] The full report is available at https://www.asyousow.org/clean200.

[iv] https://www.barrons.com/articles/the-100-most-sustainable-companies-51581095228

 

KEEP DOING GOOD

Rethinking Charitable Gifting – an update with information for clients who must take Required Minimum Distributions from their IRAs.

Use these when discussing your 2020 strategy with your tax advisor

Standard Deductions Rise: The standard deduction for tax year 2020 is $12,400 for individuals and $24,800 for married couples filing jointly, according to the IRS annual inflation adjustments. For those over age 65, the standard deduction is now $13,700 for individuals. If both spouses are over 65 and filing jointly, the deduction is $27,400.

What this means to taxpayers: The standard deduction may be easier, but itemizing may lower taxes for many. It could pay to make both calculations!

What this means for charitable gifting and other itemized expenses: Many taxpayers who choose to make charitable contributions may not get the additional itemized deductions that they would have in the past. However, with planning, some taxpayers can take steps to reduce taxes other ways.

If you take RMDs, consider Qualified Charitable Distributions: If you are an IRA owner over 70 ½, a qualified charitable distribution (QCD) up to $100,000 could help. To qualify as a QCD, the funds must go from your IRA directly to the charity.

Note that the Setting Up Every Community for Retirement Act (SECURE, which became law on Dec. 19, 2019), raised from 70 ½ to 72 the age at which you must take Required Minimum Distributions (RMDs).

When you make a qualified charitable distribution at 72 or older, it satisfies the RMD, but the deduction is not included in taxable income on your tax return.

 

Thus you get the benefit of making a charitable contribution regardless of whether you choose to itemize your deductions. Using a QCD can benefit those who give more and are in a higher tax bracket. If your spouse is also eligible, the benefits increase. Each spouse can make up to $100,000 of QCDs, for a combined total of $200,000.

Here’s where people get confused – there is NOT a tax deduction for the contribution. Instead the amount transferred from the IRA to the charity is excluded from taxable income. While you can give more than your RMD, the gift counts toward your RMD. By excluding the QCD amount from your income, you receive a better tax benefit than if you had just gotten a deduction. That’s because it decreases your Adjusted Gross Income (AGI), allowing for more AGI-based tax benefits, which results in a lower tax. A lower AGI may mean a lower tax bracket, lower tax rates on Social Security benefits, no Medicare surcharge, and 0% capital gain tax.

Whether or not you are 72, Consider Bunching:

Bunching means combining charitable gifting and other itemized deductions every other year so that you move between the standard deduction one year and itemized deductions another. The idea is to see whether bunching makes itemizing work for you every other year. For example, if you give $10,000 to charities, you would skip one year and then give twice that amount the next year, if that, along with other deductions, enables you to itemize and get a greater deduction.

Whether or not you are 72 Consider a Donor Advised Fund:

While you cannot make a QCD from your IRA into to a Donor Advised Fund, you can set up a Donor Advised Fund and gift appreciated shares of stock or other assets and get a tax deduction if you exceed the standard tax deduction.

The tax benefit of a Donor Advised Fund (DAF) is that you are able to donate assets and receive an immediate tax deduction, even though the actual funds may not be given to charities during that tax year. A DAF effectively separates the timing of when the deduction occurs from when the charity receives the money. This means you can fulfill your charitable goals while maximizing your deductions and saving money overall.

Make sure you discuss these ideas with your tax preparer in advance so that you can create a plan that works best for you each year.

Securities America and its representatives do not provide tax advice; therefore it is important to coordinate with your tax advisor regarding your specific situation.

communication have been the cornerstone of my foundation of success.

Electric Vehicles Attracting Attention

Super Bowl LIV watchers may have noticed an upsurge commercials for electric vehicles (EVs) – four compared to five for conventional cars. In 2019, the Super Bowl included only one EV ad, with none in the previous three years. [i]

The shareholder advocacy group Ceres is citing those ads to boost its own alliance with major companies to increase the percentage of electric vehicles in corporate fleets. [ii]

“So, why electric vehicles?” Ceres said in an announcement. “Transportation is the highest greenhouse gas-emitting sector in the U.S. And corporations own or operate a large portion of the vehicles on the road. So, if we’re going to tackle climate change and reduce transportation-related emissions at the pace and scale necessary to tackle the climate crisis, electric vehicles—including corporate fleets—must be part of our strategy.”

The Boston-based non-profit has a history of working with major corporations on environmental issues, which form the heart of contemporary Sustainable, Responsible and Impact (SRI) investing. Ceres was founded in 1989 in response to the Exxon Valdez oil spill by investors seeking a new way to evaluate the role and responsibility of companies as stewards of the environment and social justice. [iii]

Major carmakers are spending billions to develop electric cars, spurred in part by strict emission standards in such states as California, but sales have lagged. In 2019, automakers sold only 300,000 EVs in the United States, a decline from the year before, and less than 2 percent of the 17 million vehicles sold nationwide. [iv]

While the Ceres campaign does not include major automobile manufacturers among its “flagship members,” the list does include several major U.S. and foreign corporations.




[i] The EV ads were from Audi, Porsche and GM, with a Ford ad in some regional markets. https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2020/02/02/climate/super-bowl-ads-electric-car-hummer.html

[ii] https://www.ceres.org/corporate-electric-vehicle-alliance?utm_source=email&utm_medium=marketingcloud&utm_campaign=transportation&utm_content=website

[iii] https://www.ceres.org/about-us

[iv] https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2020/02/02/climate/super-bowl-ads-electric-car-hummer.html

Kellogg’s to remove chemical linked to cancer from its cereals

Shareholder advocates have persuaded Kellogg’s to phase out by 2025 wheat and oats on which farmers have used glyphosate as a drying agent. The chemical has been linked to cancer deaths. [i]

Glyphosate is the active ingredient in Roundup, the Bayer-Monsanto weed killer that is the most heavily used herbicide in the United States.

“We are working with our suppliers to phase out using glyphosate as pre-harvest drying agent in our wheat and oat supply chain in our major markets,” the company said in an announcement posted on its Website. [ii] The major markets include the United States, Britain, France, Canada, Mexico and Australia.

 

“We are working with our suppliers and other stakeholders to create an action plan for 2025,” Kellogg’s chief sustainability officer Amy Senter said in the posting.

The shareholder advocacy group As You Sow, which has been pushing companies to keep glyphosate out of food products, said it would continue its campaign

“Kellogg’s commitment sets the stage for industry-wide action,” As You Sow said in an announcement. “We’ll monitor Kellogg on its progress, and at the same time ratchet up the pressure on peer companies like Quaker Oats’ parent company Pepsi.”[iii]

The independent watch-dog organization, Environmental Working Group, has cited numerous studies and court decisions in Europe and the United States linking glyphosate to cancer in in humans. [iv]

Shareholder advocacy and engagement with publically held corporations are key parts of Sustainable, Responsible and Impact investing.


[i] https://www.washingtonpost.com/business/2020/01/27/kelloggs-quietly-commits-reducing-widely-used-herbicide-supply-chain-only-farmers-didnt-know-about-it/

[ii] http://www.openforbreakfast.com/en_US/content/sustainability/QA-Glyphosate.html

[iii] https://www.asyousow.org/press-releases/kellogg-phase-out-glyphosate-wheat-oat

[iv] https://www.ewg.org/release/win-bayer-monsanto-trump-epa-claims-cancer-causing-weedkiller-safe


Debate over Proposed Curbs on Shareholder Advocacy

 

Controversy continues over a proposal by the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) that would curtail the ability of shareholders to influence corporate policy. Such advocacy is central to Sustainable, Responsible and Impact (SRI) investing, especially on environmental, diversity and corporate governance issues.

A network of corporate oil and gas interests appears to be promoting the new proposals, partly by manipulative means, according to an extensive investigation by the Bloomberg News Agency.

Currently, shareholders need to own $2,000 of a company’s stock for a year to petition for all company holders to vote on an issue. The proposed SEC changes would require shareholders to own larger chunks of corporate stock and for a longer period of time. [i]

In promoting the changes, SEC chairman Jay Clayton highlighted letters from supposedly ordinary people who backed the restrictions.

“But a close look at the seven letters Clayton highlighted, and about two dozen others submitted to the SEC by supposedly regular people, shows they are the product of a misleading – and laughably clumsy -- public relations campaign by corporate interests,” Bloomberg reported. [ii]

Bloomberg reporters contacted the purported authors of the letters and discovered they either had never heard of the issue and had not sent them, or in the case of one woman had been approached by a public relations firm which asked and received permission to use her name on the letter.

The campaign, Bloomberg reported, originated with Main Street Investors Coalition, which was formed in 2018 by the National Association of Manufacturers. That association provided initial funding for the campaign to restrict shareholder rights, and represents such corporate giants as Exxon Mobil Corp. and Chevron Corp., companies that have publicly called for new limits on shareholder proposals, the newsletter GreenBiz reported. Shareholder advocates have been petitioning fossil fuel industries in regard to climate change.

The changes, GreenBiz reported, “could undermine investors’ ability to push for better environmental performance at publicly traded companies by creating new restrictions on who is eligible to file shareholder proposals and how much support they need to make it onto the proxy statement.” [iii]

According to the SEC website, by late November the commission had received more than 18,000 comments opposing the changes, many of them apparently form letters from such SRI groups as the US Social Investment Forum, the Interfaith Center on Corporate Responsibility and Ceres, a Boston-based advocacy group. [iv]

Josh Zinner, CEO of the Interfaith Center on Corporate Responsibility, echoed the position of many investors who oppose the revisions: “We see this unjustified action by the SEC as part of a broader move across this Administration to realign the regulatory landscape in favor of corporate interests at the expense of the public interest."[v]


[i] See SEC Website: https://www.sec.gov/rules/proposed/2019/34-87458.pdf

[ii] https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-11-19/sec-chairman-cites-fishy-letters-in-support-of-policy-change

[iii] https://www.greenbiz.com/article/proposed-sec-rule-changes-could-impede-investor-activism

 

[iv] See related articles on the website of the U.S. Social Investment Forum (https://www.iccr.org/, the Interfaith Center on Social Responsibility (https://www.iccr.org/) and Ceres (www.Ceres.org).

 

[v] https://www.greenbiz.com/article/proposed-sec-rule-changes-could-impede-investor-activism

 

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Funds Flowing into Sustainable Investing at a Record Pace

Sustainable funds in the United States attracted new assets at a record pace in 2019, according to a new report from Morningstar, a global financial research firm based in Chicago.

Estimated net flows into open-end and exchange-traded sustainable funds that are available to U.S. investors totaled $20.6 billion for the year, according to the study by Jon Hale, director of Sustainability Research for Morningstar. That's almost four times the previous annual record for net flows set in 2018.

The study analyzed cash flows into “300 mutual funds that thoroughly integrate environmental, social, and governance factors into their investment processes, and/or pursue sustainability-related investment themes, and/or seek measurable sustainable impact alongside financial returns.”

The sustainable funds group does not contain funds that employ only limited exclusionary screens without a broader emphasis on environmental, social and governmental (ESG) criteria, “nor does it contain the growing number of funds that now acknowledge that they consider ESG factors in a limited way in their security selection,” Hale wrote.

For more information, read the full article[i] or contact my office.


[i] https://www.morningstar.com/articles/961765/sustainable-fund-flows-in-2019-smash-previous-records

 

 



Here are some informative articles about Progressive Asset Management and socially responsible investing. We hope you find them useful. Let us know whether there are other sources or information you would like to explore.

Your Investments Can Do More than Just Grow

Progressive Asset Management Approach to Socially Responsible Investing

Progressive Asset Management Investment Services

Community Investment


Investments held in Sustainable Funds Up 38 Percent

 

WASHINGTON, D.C., Oct. 31, 2018 - The US SIF Foundation’s 2018 biennial Report on US Sustainable, Responsible and Impact Investing Trends … found that sustainable, responsible and impact investing (SRI) assets now account for $12.0 trillion—or one in four dollars—of the $46.6 trillion in total assets under professional management in the United States. This represents a 38 percent increase over 2016.

 

The 2018 report identified $11.6 trillion in ESG incorporation assets under management at the outset of 2018 held by 496 institutional investors, 365 money managers and 1,145 community investing financial institutions. The largest percentage of money managers cited client demand as their top motivation for pursuing ESG incorporation, while the largest number of institutional investors cited fulfilling mission and pursuing social benefit as their top motivations.

For more, go to: https://www.ussif.org/files/US%20SIF%20Trends%20Report%202018%20Release.pdf

 

 

Scientific American endorses shareholder activism on Climate Change:

Investors Start to Force Companies to Reduce Greenhouse Gases

Investors are making companies act on global warming—and they can do even more

It’s … “proxy season” in the corporate world. This is the time of year when publicly traded companies hold their shareholder meetings, and investors can vote on resolutions to change corporate policies. The votes can have plenty of clout because huge private investment firms such as BlackRock and Vanguard weigh in, as do major public shareholders such as California’s and New York’s employee retirement funds with billions of dollars in stock under their control. When they want something, CEOs listen.

https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/investors-start-to-force-companies-to-reduce-greenhouse-gases/?redirect=1

                                       

Barron’s and Calvert pair to rate 100 most Sustainable companies

“How much of a company’s journey toward sustainability is driven by the personal passions of its CEO? Based on the conversations Barron’s had recently with several corporate chieftains, quite a lot. That’s one of the insights from our second annual sustainability ranking of public companies.

“For investors, it has paid off. In a tough 2018, in which the S&P 500 lost 4.2% and the Russell 1000 fell 4.6%, the 100 most sustainable companies on our list lost 3.2%. Calvert Research and Management, the sustainability powerhouse owned by Eaton Vance (EV), compiled Barron’s list, basing the rankings on hundreds of metrics that address environmental, social, and corporate governance, or ESG, factors. “We’re beginning to get more and more recognition from the markets,” says Calvert CEO John Streur. “Companies can be differentiated based on how well they manage their environmental and social impact, and the strength of their governance. The list shows who’s creating a better company, long term, for long-term investors.”

For more, visit: https://www.barrons.com/articles/these-stocks-are-winning-as-ceos-push-for-a-sustainable-future-51549657527?mod=barronsmktgemail

Morningstar refines system rating mutual funds by Social Responsibility

A sizeable majority, 86 percent, of U.S. investors surveyed said they were interested in sustainable investing, with 20% saying they were extremely interested.

Morningstar analysts have developed a tool that helps investors (and their advisors) understand how much they value sustainability in an investment context. Using the tool, an investor is asked to theoretically allocate money to a series of paired stocks based on their sustainability and return characteristics.

https://www.morningstar.com/videos/926634/interest-in-sustainable-investing-in-the-us-is-ris.html

 Non-Profit Group CERES works with Corporations, Investors and Government Leaders to Curb Climate Change

 Climate change is the world’s biggest sustainability challenge of our time, threatening everything from our economic systems to our political security to our very livelihood on Earth. But climate change also presents investors and companies with opportunities to lead. Solutions that promote clean energy and climate change resilience will help build a low-carbon economy while protecting our planet for current and future generations.

 For more, visit: https://globalinvestorcoalition.org/